The ziggurat was damaged in the Gulf War in 1991 by small arms fire and the structure was shaken by explosions. Four bomb craters can be seen nearby and the walls of the ziggurat are marred by over 400 bullet holes.
Handwerk, Brian (21 March 2013). "Iraq War Threatens Ancient Treasures". National Geographic News. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
Inati, Shams Constantine (2003). Iraq: Its History, People and Politics. New York: Humanity Books. p. 31.